Interstitial EP039

Free the Land
by Edward Onaci

Among its demands for reparations, the New Afrikan Independence Movement sought to create a sovereign nation-state encompassing a large portion of the U.S. South. Historian Edward Onaci contextualizes this radically imaginative movement within past and present struggles for Black liberation.


Edward Onaci is an Associate Professor of History and African American & Africana Studies at Ursinus College. His first book, Free the Land: The Republic of New Afrika and the Pursuit of a Black Nation-State (University of North Carolina Press, 2020), explores the history of the New Afrikan Independence Movement and the lived experience of revolutionary activism. Also known as Brotha Onaci, Edward is a DJ-producer and activist who co-founded the People’s DJs Collective and Sonic Diaspora.


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Free the Land: The Republic of New Afrika and the Pursuit of a Black Nation-State
Edward Onaci
The University of North Carolina Press
June 2020


How Social Movements Die: Repression and Demobilization of the Republic of New Africa

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Davenport’s book uses the PG-RNA as a model for understanding the mobilization and demobilization process of social movement organizations. In the process, he provides excellent information about the origins, ideas, and people involved with the creation of the New Afrikan Independence Movement, and he explains how state repression affected them.

Remaking Black Power: How Black Women Transformed an Era

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Although we continue to associate the Black Power era with activism, here written as the doing, it is important that students of history also understand the ideas behind the action, as well as ideas as action. Farmer’s book does just that, emphasizing how women involved with Black Power era organizations developed ideas that helped guide the ever-evolving practice of activism.

We Will Shoot Back: Armed Struggle in the Mississippi Freedom Movement

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In this book, Umoja provides an analysis of the role armed struggle (which is much more complicated than using guns for self-defense) played in the daily lives, survival, and freedom activism of Black Mississippians. One very useful chapter explains the New Afrikan operation in Mississippi and how New Afrikan participation influenced the people and communities during that moment in history.

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